Partido-Alto (High-Party) is a sub genre of Samba that was born in Rio de Janeiro and was influenced by the melting pot of cultures migrating to the port city during the turn of the twentieth century. Partido-Alto can be classified as a style of singing improvised verses or a specific rhythm. The singing style is usually divided into two parts;
- Verses: The lead singer/s improvise their verses based on a theme and usually compete with each other.
- Refrain: This is the response to the verse and is sung by the coro, or the entire group.
The origins of Partido-Alto reside deep within the diverse Afro-Brazilian cultures of Congo-Angolian heritage and was influenced by many styles such as Jongo, Embolada and more. If you’re interested in digging in deeper into the history, check out my friend Beto González’s article where he reviews a book by Nei Lopes called “Partido-Alto: Samba de Bamba”. Click here to read the article.
Also, do yourself a favor right now and watch this video to really get a birds eye view into the roots of Partido-Alto. Skip to 14:55 to see various singers stepping to the mic and improvising over a theme.
Here’s a list of a few quintessential Partido-Alto icons for you to check out:
- Aniceto do Império
- Nilton Campolino
- Geraldo Babão
- Clementina de Jesus
- ….and there’s many more. But this will get your started with the roots of the music.
Now that you have a very basic background on what Partido-Alto is, let’s take a look at a few variations for pandeiro. This is one of my favorite Partido-Alto songs that I always give to my students first, before they learn any other samba groove. This is a song by Aniceto do Império called “Samba de Partido Alto”. The tempo is perfect for beginners and intermediate players and the rhythmic parts in the pandeiro are very clear in the recording. Here’s a transcription of the outline of what the pandeiro is playing:
Now practice along to this song.
Here’s another one of my favorite classic Partido-Alto songs by Clementina de Jesus and Clara Nunes. This is also great for beginner and intermediate pandeiro players because of the tempo and clarity of the pandeiro part. Check out the pandeiro part and then play along with the song.
The third Partido-Alto that I give to my students after they’ve internalized the previous two is this song by Martino da Vila. Notice how it’s almost identical to the pandeiro part on the Clementina song above but it leaves out beat one and adds an extra note on beat 2 in the 2nd measure. Those small differences have a huge impact on the overall feel of the groove. Check it out:
If you spend the next 6 weeks playing along to these songs or any other songs by these artists, your pandeiro playing will definitely break boundaries and you will begin to internalize the Samba de Partido-Alto rhythm. Remember to take your time practicing. If these tempos are too fast, slow it down with a program or start with a metronome at a slower tempo and build up to being able to play with these songs.
Your partner in Groove,